Berwick-upon-Tweed is the most northerly town in England, just 4 miles from the Scottish border. This walk goes round the Elisabethan town walls.
An easy half hour walk, with the option to extend the walk down near the sea. As the walk circles round the town of Berwick, you will find shops, pubs and cafes within easy walking distance. This walk is suitable for disabled access.
**** Warning **** While the paths that lead round the wall are safe, the wall itself is high and unfenced. The stone wall is topped by a grass mound and it would be easy to slide down the grass and over the wall. Dogs should be kept on the paths, and preferrably on a lead. Children must be kept away from the wall edge.
Postcode for Satnav - TD15 1EB. This is the post code for Wallace Green.
Berwick-on-Tweed is bypassed, off the A1 road between Newcastle and Edinburgh. There are several car park in town, this one is handy for the wall. From the south, pass over the bridge into town, take a left at a roundabout, then right into Walkergate, just before the archway over the old wall. From the north, pass under this archway, then turn left into Walkergate. At the end of this street you come to a church, with a large car park on your right, and street parking on Wallace Green on your left. You need a Northumberland Council parking disk for either car park which costs £1, and is valid in most towns in the county.
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Walk up Wallace Green and through the iron gates at the top, then turn right and follow the path up onto the wall. Ahead of you, you will see a bastion on the north-east corner, with views up the coast to Scotland. Below it you will see (with care) the enclosed areas for cannon, designed to fire along the outside line of the wall. Follow the wall to the right, heading south with the sea on your left. Near the end of this stretch of wall you will se a tunnel that leads you outside, and to an enclosed garden. You can take this route and explore the area between the wall and the sea.
Now the wall turns right again and follows the river Tweed. Here you can see an old cannon guarding the harbour mouth and an old medieval tower.
After a short distance the path goes through a gate and the footpath continues between the river wall and old houses. Follow the path by the river up to the old bridge. Cross the road here and carry on a little further until you come to the high, newer bridge. Here the path splits in two, and we take the path that goes uphill, away from the river. This path turns right again at the top of the hill, crosses the main road on an archway, then around above a supermarket, then finally back to the gate that leads down to your car.
Berwick was an Anglo-Saxon setllement, part of the kingdom of Northumbria. After a Northumbrian Earl was defeated at the battle of Carham by the Scots, the Scots claimed the northern part of Northumbria and Berwick became a Scottish town. It grew in wealth and importance, until it became the biggest town in Scotland. However it was attacked and sacked by Edward I during the Scottish war of independence, and then changed hands several times before finally becoming English in 1482.
The town continued to be an important part of the frontier defences, and so the existing town walls and defences were upgraded during the reign of Elizabeth I and those defences have pretty much survived today. The old tower near the river mouth has been remodelled a few times, but parts of it date from Edward Ist's day. The very western edge of the walls were built near the site of Berwick castle, but that was demolished to make way for the railway station.
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